Types of Insulin
Insulin has come a long way since its initial discovery back in 1922. Once derived only from animals, today's insulins are the result of sophisticated genetic engineering techniques that have allowed researchers to alter the human insulin gene to create a variety of drugs that behave in different ways.
In fact, there are so many insulin options today that figuring out which type does what can be confusing. From the fastest acting to the longest lasting, this guide to insulin will help demystify the drug.
Reviewed by Jason C. Baker, MD 05/13.
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In high school biology, we learned that another term for carbohydrates is "polysaccharides". These break down into "discaccharides", and further into "monosaccharides". These small-molecule carbohydrates are more commonly known as "sugars". Similarly, we learned that fats are (after a long process) broken down into monosaccharides, and parts of proteins are broken down into these as well. We learned about three common disaccharides —...