dlife.com - For Your Diabetes Life: Dictionary



acronym for Certified Acupuncturist.


acronym for Certified Acupuncturist.


a small area of skin, usually on the foot, that has become thick and hard from rubbing or pressure.


mineral that gives strength to bones and teeth and has an important role in muscle contraction, blood clotting and nerve function.


a unit representing the energy provided by food. Carbohydrate, protein, fat, and alcohol provide calories in the diet. Carbohydrate and protein have 4 calories per gram, fat has 9 calories per gram, and alcohol has 7 calories per gram.


acronym for Certified Acupressure Massage Therapist.


acronym for Certified Ambulatory Perianesthesia Nurse.

capillary (KAP-ih-lair-ee):

the smallest of the body's blood vessels. Oxygen and glucose pass through capillary walls and enter the cells. Waste products such as carbon dioxide pass back from the cells into the blood through capillaries.

capsaicin (kap-SAY-ih-sin):

an ingredient in hot peppers that can be found in ointment form for use on the skin to relieve pain from diabetic neuropathy.

carbohydrate (kar-boh-HY-drate):

one of the three main nutrients in food. Foods that provide carbohydrate are starches, vegetables, fruits, dairy products, and sugars.

carbohydrate counting:

a method of meal planning for people with diabetes based on counting the number of grams of carbohydrate in food.

carbohydrate-to-insulin ratio:

a ratio used to determine how many units of bolus insulin a person with diabetes needs to take in order to cover the effect of 10 grams of carbohydrate on blood glucose levels.

cardiologist (kar-dee-AH-luh-jist):

a doctor who treats people who have heart problems.

cardiomyopathy (KAR-dee-oh-my-ah-puh-thee):

a  heart disease in which the heart is weakened and does not function properly.

cardiovascular (KAR-dee-oh-VASK-yoo-ler) disease:

disease of the heart and blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries).

cataract (KA-ter-act):

clouding of the lens of the eye.


acronym for Certified in Classical Homeopathy.


acronym for Certified Critical Care Nurse Specialist.


acronym for Canadian Certified Rehabilitation Counsellor.


acronym for Certified Critical Care Nurse.


acronym for Certified Doula.


see certified diabetes educator.


acronym for Certified Fitness Consultant (Canada).

celiac disease:

a condition in which gluten damages the intestines, an organ that helps digest food, and therefore nutrients are not absorbed properly, which leads to many other complications. Celiac disease arises more frequently in people with type 1 diabetes and is generally treated prescribing a gluten-free diet. SYN.: celiac sprue, nontropical sprue, or gluten-sensitive enteropathy.

chemical diabetes:

OBS.; SYN.: impaired glucose tolerance.

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease:

a lung disease in which the airways to the lungs produce excess mucus resulting in frequent coughing; a majority of the risk for developing this disease comes from smoking. ABBREV.: COPD.

cerebrovascular (seh-REE-broh-VASK-yoo-ler) disease:

damage to blood vessels in the brain. Vessels can burst and bleed or become clogged with fatty deposits. When blood flow is interrupted, brain cells die or are damaged, resulting in a stroke.

certified diabetes educator (CDE):

a health care professional with expertise in diabetes education who has met eligibility requirements and successfully completed a certification exam. See diabetes educator.


acronym for Certified Gastroenterology Nurse.


acronym for Certified Geriatric Pharmacist.


acronym for Certified Gastroenterology Registered Nurse.


acronym for Certified Herbalist.

Charcot's (shar-KOHZ) foot:

a condition in which the joints and soft tissue in the foot are destroyed; it results from damage to the nerves.

cheiroarthropathy (KY-roh-ar-THRAHP-uh-thee):

see limited joint mobility.

cheiropathy (ky-RAH-puh-thee):

see limited joint mobility.


acronym for Certified Holistic Health Practitioner.

chlorpropamide (klor-PROH-pah-mide):

an oral medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes. It lowers blood glucose levels by helping the pancreas make more insulin and by helping the body better use the insulin it makes. Belongs to the class of medicines called sulfonylureas. (Brand name: Diabinese.)

cholesterol (koh-LES-ter-all):

a type of fat produced by the liver and found in the blood; it is also found in some foods. Cholesterol is used by the body to make hormones and build cell walls.


acronym for Certified in Homeopathy.


acronym for Certified Hospice and Palliative Nurse.


describes something that is long-lasting. Opposite of acute.


acronym for Certified Hypnotherapist.


the flow of blood through the body's blood vessels and heart.


acronym for Certified Massage Therapist.


acronym for Certified Nurse Midwife.


acronym for Certified Nephrology Nurse.


acronym for Certified Occupational Health Nurse.


acronym for Certified Occupational Health Nurse Case Manager.


acronym for Certified Occupational Health Nurse Specialist.


a sleep-like state in which a person is not conscious. May be caused by hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) or hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) in people with diabetes.

combination oral medicines:

a pill that includes two or more different medicines. See Glucovance.

combination therapy:

the use of different medicines together (oral hypoglycemic agents or an oral hypoglycemic agent and insulin) to manage the blood glucose levels of people with type 2 diabetes.

complementary and alternative medicine:

a broad group of medical and health care systems, practices and products that are not presently considered to be part of conventional medicine because of unproven and insufficient research-based evidence. Ex.: aromatherapy, yoga, dietary supplements. ABBREV.: CAM.


harmful effects of diabetes such as damage to the eyes, heart, blood vessels, nervous system, teeth and gums, feet and skin, or kidneys. Studies show that keeping blood glucose, blood pressure, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels close to normal can help prevent or delay these problems.

congenital (kun-JEN-ih-tul) defects:

problems or conditions that are present at birth.

congestive heart failure:

loss of the heart's pumping power, which causes fluids to collect in the body, especially in the feet and lungs.

continuous glucose monitoring system:

a device that continuously records blood glucose levels throughout the day and night through a subcutaneously implanted sensor. The system is used to measure average blood glucose levels for up to 3 days in order to help identify fluctuations and trends that would otherwise go unnoticed with standard A1C tests and fingerstick measurements. ABBREV.: CGMS.

conventional therapy:

a term used in clinical trials where one group receives treatment for diabetes in which A1C and blood glucose levels are kept at levels based on current practice guidelines. However, the goal is not to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible, as is done in intensive therapy. Conventional therapy includes use of medication, meal planning, and exercise, along with regular visits to health care providers.

coronary angioplasty:

SYN.: Angioplasty.

coronary artery:

any one of the many blood vessels that brings oxygen-rich blood to the heart to keep it functioning and healthy.

coronary artery bypass graft:

a surgical procedure in which a healthy blood vessel is transplanted from another part of the body (usually the legs) into the heart to replace or bypass a diseased one. ABBREV.: CABG.

coronary artery disease:

see coronary heart disease.

coronary (KOR-uh-ner-ee) heart disease:

heart disease caused by narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. If the blood supply is cut off the result is a heart attack.


acronym for Certified Post-Anesthesia Nurse.


acronym for Certified Pedorthist

C-peptide (see-peptide):

"Connecting peptide," a substance the pancreas releases into the bloodstream in equal amounts to insulin. A test of C-peptide levels shows how much insulin the body is making.


acronym for Certified Professional in Health Quality.


acronym for Certified Pharmacy Technician.


acronym for Certified Practitioner of Homeopathic Therapeutics.


acronym for Certified Pediatric Nurse.


acronym for Certified Pediatric Nurse Practitioner.


acronym for Certified Pediatric Oncology Nurse.

C-reactive protein:

a protein found in the blood that is a marker for inflammation; its presence indicates a heightened state of inflammation in the body. ABBREV.: CRP.

creatinine (kree-AT-ih-nin):

a waste product from protein in the diet and from the muscles of the body. Creatinine is removed from the body by the kidneys; as kidney disease progresses, the level of creatinine in the blood increases.


acronym for Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist.


acronym for Certified Rehabilitation Registered Nurse.


acronym for Certified Rehabilitation Registered Nurse, Advanced.


acronym for Certified Respiratory Therapist.


acronym for Certified School Nurse.


acronym for Certified School Social Work Specialist.


acronym for Certified Surgical Technologist.

Cushing's syndrome:

a hormonal disorder caused by excessive exposure of the body's tissues to the hormone cortisol and characterized by the accumulation of fat around the abdomen and upper back. This increased body weight can put people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.


acronym for Certified Wound Specialist.

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Last Modified Date: July 02, 2013

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by Brenda Bell
As I mentioned in an earlier post, one of the benefits that made it cost-effective for me to go with the real healthcare (HSA) plan rather than the phony (HRA) plan is that my company is now covering "preventative" medicines at $0 copay. The formulary for these, as stated by CVS/Caremark (my pharmacy benefits provider), covers all test strips, lancets, and control solutions. I dutifully get my doctor to write up prescriptions for all of my testing needs, submit...
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