dlife.com - For Your Diabetes Life: Dictionary




acronym for Bachelor of Arts Degree.*

background insulin:

SYN.: Basal insulin.

background retinopathy (REH-tih-NOP-uh-thee):

a type of damage to the retina of the eye marked by bleeding, fluid accumulation, and abnormal dilation of the blood vessels. Background retinopathy is an early stage of diabetic retinopathy. Also called simple or nonproliferative (non-pro-LIF-er-uh-tiv) retinopathy.


acronym for Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery.

bariatrics (BARE-ee-at-ricks):

the branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention and treatment of obesity.

basal insulin (Bay-suhl IN-suh-lin):

1. an intermediate- or long-acting insulin that is absorbed slowly and give the body a steady, low level of insulin to manage blood glucose levels between meals, thus mimicking the bodys natural low-level steady background release of insulin; background insulin. 2. the low-level steady background release of insulin by an insulin pump.

basal rate:

a steady trickle of low levels of longer-acting insulin, such as that used in insulin pumps.beta cell:a cell that makes insulin. Beta cells are located in the islets of the pancreas.

B cell:

a lymphocyte that produces antibodies; sometimes it mistakenly creates autoantibodies, which may be involved in the development of diabetes. SYN.: B lymphocyte.


acronym for Board Certified in Emergency Nursing.


acronym for Board Certified in Nuclear Pharmacy.


acronym for Board Certified in Nutrition Support Pharmacy.


acronym for Board Certified in Psychiatric Pharmacy.


acronym for Board Certified in Pharmacotherapy.

beta blocker:

an antihypertensive drug.

beta cell:

a cell that makes insulin. Beta cells are located in the islets of the pancreas.

biguanide (by-GWAH-nide):

a class of oral medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes that lowers blood glucose by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and by helping the body respond better to insulin. (Generic name: metformin.)

blood fat:

a lipid carried through the blood by a lipoprotein; usually used to refer to cholesterol and triglyceride.

blood glucose:

the main sugar found in the blood and the body's main source of energy. Also called blood sugar.

blood glucose level:

the amount of glucose in a given amount of blood. It is noted in milligrams in a deciliter, or mg/dL.

blood glucose meter:

a small, portable machine used by people with diabetes to check their blood glucose levels. After pricking the skin with a lancet, one places a drop of blood on a test strip in the machine. The meter (or monitor) soon displays the blood glucose level as a number on the meter's digital display.

blood glucose monitoring:

checking blood glucose level on a regular basis in order to manage diabetes. A blood glucose meter (or blood glucose test strips that change color when touched by a blood sample) is needed for frequent blood glucose monitoring.

blood pressure:

the force of blood exerted on the inside walls of blood vessels. Blood pressure is expressed as a ratio (example: 120/80, read as "120 over 80"). The first number is the systolic (sis-TAH-lik) pressure, or the pressure when the heart pushes blood out into the arteries. The second number is the diastolic (DY-uh-STAH-lik) pressure, or the pressure when the heart rests.

blood sugar:

see blood glucose.

blood sugar level:

see blood glucose level.

blood urea (yoo-REE-uh) nitrogen (NY-truh-jen) (BUN):

a waste product in the blood from the breakdown of protein. The kidneys filter blood to remove urea. As kidney function decreases, the BUN levels increase.

blood vessels:

tubes that carry blood to and from all parts of the body. The three main types of blood vessels are arteries, veins, and capillaries.


see body mass index.

body mass index (BMI):

a measure used to evaluate body weight relative to a person's height. BMI is used to find out if a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese.

To find BMI: Multiply body weight in pounds by 703. Divide that number by height in inches. Divide that number by height in inches again. Find the resulting number in the chart below.

Below 18.5 is underweight.
18.5-24.9 is normal.
25.0-29.9 is overweight.
30.0 and above is obese.

bolus (BOH-lus):

an extra amount of insulin taken to cover an expected rise in blood glucose, often related to a meal or snack.

borderline diabetes:

a former term for type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance.

brittle diabetes:

a term used when a person's blood glucose level moves often from low to high and from high to low.


acronym for Batchelor of Science Degree.*


acronym for Batchelor of Science Degree, Nursing.

bulimia (buh-leem-ee-uh):

an eating disorder distinguished by binging behavior (consuming large amounts of food) and then purging behavior, including vomiting, laxative use, and/or excessive exercise; can lead to unpredictable blood glucose levels and diabetes complications.


see blood urea nitrogen.

bunion (BUN-yun):

a bulge on the first joint of the big toe, caused by the swelling of a fluid sac under the skin. This spot can become red, sore, and infected.

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Last Modified Date: July 02, 2013

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by Brenda Bell
As I mentioned in an earlier post, one of the benefits that made it cost-effective for me to go with the real healthcare (HSA) plan rather than the phony (HRA) plan is that my company is now covering "preventative" medicines at $0 copay. The formulary for these, as stated by CVS/Caremark (my pharmacy benefits provider), covers all test strips, lancets, and control solutions. I dutifully get my doctor to write up prescriptions for all of my testing needs, submit...
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