Drugs That Affect Blood Glucose


Diabetes drugs aren't the only medications that affect blood sugar. The following is a list of drugs that may cause highs and lows. Because of the constantly changing nature of the U.S. prescription and OTC drug marketplace, this list may not reflect the full range of drugs that may impact blood sugar levels.


Drugs That May Cause Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar): A-C

Abacavir (Ziagen)

Abacavir + lamivudine,zidovudine (Trizivir)

Acetazolamide (Diamox)

Acitretin (Soriatane)

Albuterol (Ventolin, Proventil)

Albuterol + ipratropium (Combivent)

Ammonium chloride

Amphotericin B (Amphocin, Fungizone)

Amphotericin B lipid formulations (IV) (Abelcet)

Amprenavir (Agenerase)

Anidulafungin (Eraxis)

Aripiprazole (Abilify)

Arsenic trioxide (Trisenox)

Asenapine (Saphris)

Asparaginase (Elspar)

Atenolol + chlorthalidone (Tenoretic)

Atovaquone (Mepron)

Baclofen (Lioresal)

Betamethasone (topical) (Alphatrex, Betatrex, Beta-Val, Diprolene, Diprolene AF, Diprolene Lotion, Luxiq, Maxivate)

Betamethasone +clotrimazole (Lotrisone (topical))

Betaxolol Betoptic (eyedrops), (KERLONE (oral))

Bexarotene (Targretin)

Bicalutamide (Casodex)

Benazepril + hydrochlorothiazide (Lotension)

Bisoprolol + hydrochlorothiazide (Ziac)

Bumetanide (Bumex)

Caffeine (Caffeine in moderation may actually be beneficial in diabetes but in large amounts can raise blood sugar.)

Candesartan + hydrochlorothiazide (Atacand HCT)

Captopril + hydrochlorothiazide (Capozide)

Carteolol (Cartrol (oral), Occupress (eyedrops))

Carvedilol (Coreg)

Chlorothiazide (Diuril)

Chlorthalidone (Chlorthalidone Tablets, Clorpres, Tenoretic, Thalitone)

Choline salicylate (Numerous tradenames of aspirin formulations; check label)

Choline salicylate + magnesium salicylate (CMT, Tricosal, Trilisate)


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Last Modified Date: June 09, 2014

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by Brenda Bell
As of now, my primary glucometer is still missing (thank goodness I have a spare). Were this my cell phone, we would have been able to call it to see where it was ringing (though by now, its battery would have probably died). Which got me thinking about the idea of adding "quick find" and "please return to me" features to glucometers. That's presuming they're already available for CGM controllers and "pod" pump controllers. So, what do I need from the...