Diet & Exercise
Dietary adjustments, called medical nutrition therapy (or MNT), are the front-line treatment in controlling blood glucose levels. Particularly important are carbohydrate and fat intake. Dietary carbohydrates are the bodys main source of glucose, and eating controlled amounts of carbohydrates in the form of high fiber, low fat, and low glycemic food choices helps even out blood glucose levels throughout the day. Cutting saturated and trans fat intake is also important in the prevention of cardiovascular problems.
Learn more about eating right with type 2 diabetes.
Exercise decreases insulin resistance and lowers blood glucose levels. It also benefits heart health by lowering blood pressure, improving cholesterol levels, and decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. And for those who are overweight or obese, a regular fitness routine is important for reaching weight goals. Finally, a good workout is great for reducing stress and improving your overall sense of well-being.
Keep in mind that some types of exercise can make certain diabetic complications worse. In addition, people with type 2 diabetes must take precautions before, during, and after a workout to avoid hypoglycemia (or blood sugar lows). Always consult with your diabetes care team before embarking on a new fitness program.
Reviewed by Francine Kaufman, M.D., 04/08
Chicken and Summer Squash Thai-Style Mussels Black Beans and Rice Minty Leprechaun/Mistletoe Cookies Kasha and Brown Rice Rotini Black Mushroom Soup Chili Rubbed Pork Chops Cheesy Chicken Divan Cheese and Basil Scones Pumpkin Vegetable Stew
There are very few conditions under which I will not ride my (road) bike. More than an inch of new snow, snow pack, and slush are the three major ones. That said, if the distance is short and familiar, and traffic is expected to be light, I'll take my chances. I was considerably less hesitant in my teens and twenties when I had two bicycles in my stable: a three-speed commuter and a 12-speed touring bike. My craziest experiences then were riding through what I later...