Ask an Expert FAQs — Your Type 1 Questions Answered
Q: What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?
A: The symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually appear suddenly and may progress quickly. The following symptoms warrant a call to the physician or a trip to the emergency room.
- Increased thirst
- Increased urination
- Weight loss despite increased appetite
- Abdominal pain
- Absence of menstruation
Children with type 1 diabetes may also be restless, apathetic, and have trouble functioning at school. In rare cases with extremely high blood sugar a diabetic coma may be the first sign of type 1 diabetes.
The following tests can be used to diagnose diabetes:
- Fasting blood glucose of 126 mg/dL or higher
- Random (nonfasting) blood glucose over 200 mg/dL (this must be confirmed with a fasting test)
- A1C greater than or equal to 6.5
- Insulin test (low or undetectable level of insulin)
- C-peptide test (low or undetectable level of the protein C-peptide, a by-product of insulin production)
Insulin administered by injection or insulin pump, along with meal planning and exercise, is the treatment for type 1 diabetes.
The following links have more information.
– Deborah Greenwood APRN,BC-ADM, MEd, CDE
Didn't find your question? Click here for more expert answers to questions from dLife members.
Reviewed by Jason C. Baker, MD (5/13)
Colorful Quesadillas Spicy Crab Dip Mexican Coleslaw Corn and Pepper Relish Chicken Salad with Dates and Blue Cheese Creamy Onion Dip with Blue Cheese Oatmeal Casserole Ham and Pecan Cornbread Orange Ginger Chicken Thighs Garlicky Green Beans & Almonds
Like many others in the diabetes online community, I was very happy to see Denise Faustman’s clinical testing of a type 1 diabetes vaccine moving to phase 2. While I’ve learned to contain my happiness when stories about cures for diabetes come and go, I do believe that if there is one, it will be her warm, bespectacled and freckled face on the front page of the story. While I take the news with a grain of salt, it’s certainly better to...