Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) can be caused by excess carbohydrate intake, as well as other factors such as infections, stress, and some medications. Blood sugar levels that are too high can quickly become an emergency if left untreated. The best way to avoid high blood sugars is to stick to a healthy meal plan and test regularly. But what if your blood sugar levels do become elevated? Here are some simple tips for handling a high:
- You can often lower your blood sugar by exercising. If your levels are elevated, try doing some light exercise, such as going for a walk. If you have ketones in your urine, do not exercise, as this can cause blood sugar levels to rise even more.
- Be sure to drink plenty of water. Elevated blood sugar levels are often associated with being dehydrated.
- If you're on insulin, your doctor may be able to give you a "correction dose" of insulin. This will temporarily correct a blood sugar high, and is not a permanent adjustment to your daily insulin injection.
- Make sure you are taking the correct amount of medication at the right time. If you're not, medications may be less effective at controlling blood sugar levels. Discuss your medications with your doctor to see if you need to adjust the dose or timing of your meds.