Gestational Maternal Complications
Women who are able to effectively manage their gestational diabetes and keep blood glucose levels in a safe range dramatically reduce the risk of pregnancy complications. The potential pregnancy complications of uncontrolled gestational diabetes include:
- Hypertension. High blood glucose levels can cause high blood pressure. And hypertension in pregnancy can lead to a dangerous complication known as preeclampsia.
- Preeclampsia. If high blood pressure becomes severe, preeclampsia may develop. Other signs of preeclampsia include protein in the urine and severe edema (or swelling). The only treatment for preeclampsia is delivery of the baby, which may mean a premature birth.
- Increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
1 - American Diabetes Association. ADA Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2010. Diabetes Care, Volume 33, Supplement 1, January 2010.
Reviewed by Francine Kaufman, MD. 4/08
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