Assessing Your Risk
Risk factors for developing gestational diabetes include:
- Are you a member of a high-risk ethnic group (Latino, African American, Native American, South or East Asian, Pacific Islander, or Indigenous Australian)?
- Are you overweight or very overweight?
- Are you related to anyone who has diabetes now or had diabetes in their lifetime?
- Are you older than 25?
- Did you have gestational diabetes with a past pregnancy?
- Have you had a stillbirth or a very large baby with a past pregnancy?
If you answered YES to TWO or more of these questions, you are at HIGH RISK for gestational diabetes.
If you answered YES to ONLY ONE of these questions, you are at AVERAGE RISK for gestational diabetes.
If you answered NO to ALL of these questions, you are at LOW RISK for gestational diabetes.
|If you are at...||You should...|
|High Risk||Get tested as soon as you know you are pregnant. If your first test is negative, get tested again when you are between 24 and 28 weeks pregnant.|
|Average Risk||Get tested when you are between 24 and 28 weeks pregnant|
|Lower Risk||Not get tested unless your doctor or nurse tells you that you should.|
1 - American Diabetes Association. ADA Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2008. Diabetes Care, Volume 31, Supplement 1, January 2008. (PDF accessed 2/19/08).
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