Gestational Complications for Baby
Women who are able to keep blood sugar levels in a safe range during a pregnancy with gestational diabetes dramatically reduce the risk of complications for their child.
Uncontrolled gestational diabetes increases the risk for the following health problems for your baby:
- Macrosomia. The fetus stores excess glucose as fat, so in cases of uncontrolled GDM, a baby may be larger than normal at birth, a condition called macrosomnia. Large babies may be more difficult to deliver vaginally, and birth injury is a risk. A cesarean section may also be required.
- Hypoglycemia. Before birth, the fetus is producing high levels of insulin to combat high maternal blood glucose levels. When the baby is born, he or she is disconnected from the maternal glucose source, and those high insulin levels can cause his own blood sugars to dip dramatically.
- Jaundice. An excessive amount of bilirubin can cause skin and eye yellowing in baby. Jaundice is treated by exposing a newborn to ultraviolet lights.
- Low calcium and magnesium. Insufficient levels of calcium and magnesium in the blood can cause muscle cramps and spasms. This condition is easily treated with supplementation.
- Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Gestational diabetes can cause fetal lungs to develop more slowly; if inadequate levels of lung surfactant are present at birth an infant could have breathing problems.
- Increased risk for childhood and adult obesity. Children who weigh nine or more pounds at birth are at an increased risk for later weight problems.
- Increased risk of type 2 diabetes later in life.
1 - American Diabetes Association. ADA Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2010. Diabetes Care, Volume 33, Supplement 1, January 2010.
Reviewed by Francine Kaufman, MD. 4/08
Steak Quesadilas Bubble Loaf Garlic Lima Bean Soup Turkey Cutlets with Apple and Sweet Onion Relish Carb Free, Low Fat Egg Drop Soup Peppermint Kisses Chicken with Spinach and Celery Hash Spanish-Style Scrambled Eggs Orange Glazed Pork Tenderloin Spicy Ale Dip
This morning it wasn’t the sun, the wind, or the birds that woke me up. It was the soft, insistent vibrating of a medical device urging me to check my blood sugar. Opening my eyes, still safely under the covers, I checked my blood sugar with a meter smaller than a deck of cards, calibrated my continuous glucose monitor, and then glanced at my insulin pump — which reminded me that today was the day I needed to change my infusion set. My dLife is pretty high tech. And I’m...