Prediabetes Risk Factors
Prediabetes risks factors are the same as those for type 2 diabetes. They include:
- Being overweight or obese (i.e., BMI of 25 or higher)
- First-degree family history of diabetes
- Being age 45 or older
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Low HDL cholesterol (35 mg/dl; 0.90 mmol/l) and high triglycerides (250 mg/dl; 2.82 mmol/l)
- High blood pressure (consistent reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher)
- History of gestational diabetes or gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- Belonging to one of the following ethnic populations: African Americans African Americans, Native American Indians, Latinos, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders
- Having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Having a history of vascular disease
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) uses screening recommendations for prediabetes that are based on the current guidelines for type 2 diabetes screening. Testing is recommended for men and women 45 years of age and older, especially those with a body mass index at or above 25. Individuals younger than 45 should also be screened if they have a BMI of 25 or more and additional risk factors (as listed above).
Reviewed by Francine Kaufman, M.D., 04/08
One in Ten AMI Patients Have Unrecognized Incident Diabetes
Two New LDL Cholesterol Drugs May Have Big Impact on Heart Disease
COBA Conference Steers Forward in the Fight Against Childhood Obesity
Google Secures Patent for Glucose-Sensing Contact Lens
Medtronic to Use GlucoSitter Artificial Pancreas Software in Future Insulin Pumps - A Big Deal!
Whole Roasted Striped Bass Fish Tagine with Preserved Lemon and Tomatoes Fruit Parfaits Grilled T-Bone Steaks with BBQ Rub Fruit and Yogurt Treats Red Wine Sauce Crostini Fruit with Cannoli Cream Herbed Goat Cheese Spread Chicken with Dumplings
My diabetes is changing. Until a few years ago, my morning readings were reasonable and within the desired range of under 100 mg/dl. About two years ago, they started slipping upwards into the less-desirable but apparently not-worrisome range of 100-110 mg/dl. Now, this was what was recorded by my Abbott Freestyle Lite meter, which is known to record at the lower end of the home-glucometer variability range, but with my A1c firmly in the high 5s and low 6s, the meter's tendency to...