Prediabetes Risk Factors
Prediabetes risks factors are the same as those for type 2 diabetes. They include:
- Being overweight or obese (i.e., BMI of 25 or higher)
- First-degree family history of diabetes
- Being age 45 or older
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Low HDL cholesterol (35 mg/dl; 0.90 mmol/l) and high triglycerides (250 mg/dl; 2.82 mmol/l)
- High blood pressure (consistent reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher)
- History of gestational diabetes or gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- Belonging to one of the following ethnic populations: African Americans African Americans, Native American Indians, Latinos, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders
- Having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Having a history of vascular disease
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) uses screening recommendations for prediabetes that are based on the current guidelines for type 2 diabetes screening. Testing is recommended for men and women 45 years of age and older, especially those with a body mass index at or above 25. Individuals younger than 45 should also be screened if they have a BMI of 25 or more and additional risk factors (as listed above).
Reviewed by Francine Kaufman, M.D., 04/08
Sweet 'n' Spicy Baby Carrots Moroccan Chicken Stew No-Bake Sugar Plums Rosemary Summer Squash Cheesy Artichoke Dip Lentil and Sausage Soup Forest Mushroom Dip Mushroom Bisque Cauliflower Soup Chocolate Meringue with Strawberries
The past couple of days have seen signs of slowing in the rate of type 2 diabetes diagnosis in the United States. For the first time in twenty years, the Centers for Disease Control are reporting a leveling off of diabetes diagnoses, rather than the typical climb. Though the leveling off applied overall, the aging, blacks, Hispanics and the poorly educated saw a continued rise in the number of people diagnosed with type 2. This is unsurprising, given the CDC believes that...