Prediabetes Risk Factors
Prediabetes risks factors are the same as those for type 2 diabetes. They include:
- Being overweight or obese (i.e., BMI of 25 or higher)
- First-degree family history of diabetes
- Being age 45 or older
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Low HDL cholesterol (35 mg/dl; 0.90 mmol/l) and high triglycerides (250 mg/dl; 2.82 mmol/l)
- High blood pressure (consistent reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher)
- History of gestational diabetes or gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- Belonging to one of the following ethnic populations: African Americans African Americans, Native American Indians, Latinos, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders
- Having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Having a history of vascular disease
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) uses screening recommendations for prediabetes that are based on the current guidelines for type 2 diabetes screening. Testing is recommended for men and women 45 years of age and older, especially those with a body mass index at or above 25. Individuals younger than 45 should also be screened if they have a BMI of 25 or more and additional risk factors (as listed above).
Reviewed by Francine Kaufman, M.D., 04/08
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Yesterday, it was back to the doctor, expecting to be discharged back to work. While there's still a little bit of swelling on my left forehead, none of the typical signs of more serious brain damage had appeared, and most of my facial bruising (a side effect of the cranial impact) has dissipated. The doctor is still concerned about latent subdural hematoma and has written for a referral for a follow-up CAT scan. Given that I'm still trying to piece together how much money I'm...