African American Kidney
Kidney Disease in African Americans
- African Americans are four times more likely to develop kidney disease than Caucasians.1
- African Americans make up 12 percent of the population but account for 30 percent of people with kidney disease.1
- Diabetes and high blood pressure account for more than 70 percent of kidney disease in African Americans.1
- A recent NKDEP survey of African Americans found that only 17 percent named kidney disease as a consequence of diabetes, and only eight percent named it as a consequence of high blood pressure.2
- African American males ages 22 44 are 20 times more likely to develop kidney disease due to high blood pressure than Caucasian males in the same age group.1
- -Forty-five percent of African American men with kidney disease received late referrals to nephrologists. In some cases people were not aware they had a problem until they needed dialysis.3
1 U.S. Renal Data System. (2002). National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD
2 National Kidney Disease Education Program. (2003). NKDEP Survey of African-American Adults Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors Related to Kidney
Disease (Draft). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.
3 Kinchen KS, Sadler J, Fink N, et al: The timing of specialist evaluation in chronic kidney disease and mortality. Ann Intern Med 137: 479-486, 2002.
Excerpted and Adapted from NIH Publication No. 04-5577, August 2004.
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