Blood Sugar and A1C Targets
The following blood sugar and A1C targets to manage diabetes are recommended by the American Diabetes Association. Discuss what targets are best for you with your healthcare professional.
* These goals are for non-pregnant adults who have no history of severe hypoglycemia. Less stringent goals may be needed for some people, such as those who regularly have severe low blood sugar episodes, older people, people with health problems, and children and adolescents.
** Estimated average glucose, or eAG, is a format your healthcare professional uses for providing your A1C result. The eAG result is reported in the same units as you use for blood sugar monitoring when your blood sugar is checked by the medical lab. You can learn more about eAG at www.diabetes.org.
The American Diabetes Association recommends slightly higher A1C goals for young people:
- Less than 6 years old: Less than 8.5 but higher than 7.5%
- 6 – 12 years old: Less than 8%
- Adolescents (13-19): Less than 7.5%
Women who have type 1 diabetes and become pregnant should be aware that their blood sugar may fluctuate at different stages of their pregnancy, and that it's common for lows to increase during the first trimester. It's important for women with type 1 to get their blood sugar in good control before becoming pregnant. They should also learn about blood sugar goals for pregnancy.
Hope Warshaw, MMSc, RD, CDE, diabetes educator, consultant, and member of the CanAm Care advisory board; and Riva Greenberg, diabetes patient-expert, author, speaker, and Huffington Post columnist contributed to this article.
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