Blood Sugar and A1C Targets

 

The following blood sugar and A1C targets to manage diabetes are recommended by the American Diabetes Association. Discuss what targets are best for you with your healthcare professional.

ADA Recommendations

* These goals are for non-pregnant adults who have no history of severe hypoglycemia. Less stringent goals may be needed for some people, such as those who regularly have severe low blood sugar episodes, older people, people with health problems, and children and adolescents.

** Estimated average glucose, or eAG, is a format your healthcare professional uses for providing your A1C result. The eAG result is reported in the same units as you use for blood sugar monitoring when your blood sugar is checked by the medical lab. You can learn more about eAG at www.diabetes.org.

The American Diabetes Association recommends slightly higher A1C goals for young people:

  • Children under 19 years old: Less than 7.5%

Women who have type 1 diabetes and become pregnant should be aware that their blood sugar may fluctuate at different stages of their pregnancy, and that it's common for lows to increase during the first trimester. It's important for women with type 1 to get their blood sugar in good control before becoming pregnant. They should also learn about blood sugar goals for pregnancy.

By Hope Warshaw, MMSC, RD, CDE, diabetes educator, consultant, and Coordinator of the Perrigo Diabetes Care advisory board; and Riva Greenberg, diabetes patient-expert, author, speaker, and Huffington Post columnist contributed to this article.

Last Modified Date: July 09, 2014

All content on dLife.com is created and reviewed in compliance with our editorial policy.
Sources
  1. ADA. "Diabetes Association Sets New A1C Target for Children with Type 1 Diabetes." http://www.diabetes.org/newsroom/press-releases/2014/diabetes-association-sets-new-a1c-target-for-children-with-type-1-diabetes.html. (Accessed 06/14.)

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by Brenda Bell
My diabetes is changing. Until a few years ago, my morning readings were reasonable and within the desired range of under 100 mg/dl. About two years ago, they started slipping upwards into the less-desirable but apparently not-worrisome range of 100-110 mg/dl. Now, this was what was recorded by my Abbott Freestyle Lite meter, which is known to record at the lower end of the home-glucometer variability range, but with my A1c firmly in the high 5s and low 6s, the meter's tendency to...