The ABCs of diabetes management

To stay on top of your diabetes management, you should know your ABCs – your A1c level, your blood pressure, and your cholesterol profile.

Infant SymptomsA – A1c, or hemoglobin A1c test.

  • ADA goal is less than 7%, while the AACE goal is 6.5% or less.

B – Blood pressure

  • < 130/80 mmHg for non-pregnant adults.

C – Cholesterol

  • HDL (good) cholesterol – >40 mg/dl (1.0 mmol/l) in men; >50 mg/dl (1.3 mmol/l) in women
  • LDL (bad) cholesterol – <100 mg/dl (<70 mg/dl in highest risk populations)
  • Triglycerides – <150 mg/dl

Talk with your diabetes care provider to determine your individual goals for A1c, blood pressure, and cholesterol.


1 - AACE Diabetes Care Guidelines, Endocrine Practice 2-11; 17 (Suppl 2)3.

2 - American Diabetes Association Standards of Medical Care for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (2011).

3 - National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III).

Reviewed by Jason C. Baker, MD. 01/12

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