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RM-131 Safely, Effectively Treated Symptoms in Patients with Diabetic Gastroparesis

Posted by dlife on Thu, May 08, 14, 04:50 PM 0 Comment

May 8, 2014 (Healio) Patients with diabetic gastroparesis displayed increased gastric emptying and improvement in vomiting after treatment with the selective ghrelin pentapeptide relamorelin-131, according to new research presented at a late-breaking session at Digestive Disease Week.

In a phase 2 trial, researchers randomly assigned 204 patients with diabetic gastroparesis(DG) (mean age, 55.1 years; 32.3% men) into a double blind, placebo-controlled study for 28 days. Patients were enlisted to take two daily injections of relamorelin-131 10 mcg (RM-131; Rhythm) before an evening meal (n=67), RM-131 10 mcg before breakfast and an evening meal (n=68) or placebo (n=69). Patients' daily symptoms were recorded on a 0-10 scale, and a gastric emptying breath test(GEBT) was performed at baseline and on day 28.

Patients who received RM-131 before breakfast and evening meals showed accelerated GEP, the study's primary endpoint, and an improvement in vomiting (P=.033), compared with placebo patients. Results for patients who took RM-131 only before evening meals were not presented.

Post-hoc analysis of 119 patients with baseline vomiting revealed that RM-131 had a positive effect on GE, and overall weekly vomiting was reduced by 63%. This subgroup also exhibited improvements in nausea, bloating, early satiety and abdominal pain, compared with the placebo arm (P<.043). Few adverse events occurred, according to the study.

"In summary, RM-131 10 mcg twice daily showed more efficacy than once daily,"Anthony Lembo, MD, gastroenterologist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, said at the conference. "In post-hoc analysis in the subgroup of patients, RM-131 10 mcg twice daily is effective in all endpoints. There were no safety concerns seen in the studies." - by Melinda Stevens

 

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