Sodium, Fluid, and Chronic Kidney Disease, continued

Some High-Sodium Foods

Limit or avoid these foods that are high in sodium:

  • Salted butter, buttermilk and peanut butter
  • Some cereals
  • Sports drinks
  • Vegetable juices
  • Fast foods
  • Baking powder and baking soda
  • Canned fish: tuna, salmon, sardines
  • Most cheese and cheese spreads
  • Salty snacks, including chips, pretzels, nuts, popcorn, crackers
  • Quick-cooking rice and instant noodles, prepared mixes for rice, scalloped potatoes, macaroni and cheese
  • Smoked or cured meats: ham, hot dogs, bacon, bologna, sausage, pastrami, corned beef, lunch meats
  • Certain frozen dinners, pot pies and pizzas
  • Regular canned vegetables
  • Pickled foods: relish, olives, pickles, herring, sauerkraut
  • Regular canned and instant soups
  • Condiments and flavorings such as ketchup, mustard, barbecue sauce, soy sauce, steak sauce, teriyaki sauce, salad dressing, garlic salt, onion salt, seasoned salts, lemon pepper, bouillon cubes, meat tenderizer and monosodium glutamate (MSG)

For people with end stage renal disease and are on dialysis, your health care practitioner may recommend that you limit the amount of fluids you drink each day. Dialysis gets rid of excess fluid, but it is not the same as healthy kidneys that work 24 hours per day, so fluid can build up between treatments. Also, a dialysis treatment can only remove a certain amount of fluid. Sticking to the recommended amount of fluids you drink can help:

  • Keep you feeling comfortable between dialysis treatments
  • Prevent adverse effects, such as muscle cramping and a drop in blood pressure, that occur when a greater-than-normal amount of fluid is removed during a single dialysis treatment

Your dietitian will help you determine exactly what your fluid restriction should be, taking into consideration your urine output, the appearance of swelling in your body and the amount of weight you gain between dialysis treatments. If you experience a sudden weight gain, it may signal that you are consuming too much fluid, and you should contact your doctor right away.

Reprinted with permission from DaVita Inc. Find out more about kidney disease at


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Last Modified Date: February 15, 2013

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by Carey Potash
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