Prediabetes Risk Factors
Prediabetes risks factors are the same as those for type 2 diabetes. They include:
- Being overweight or obese (i.e., BMI of 25 or higher)
- First-degree family history of diabetes
- Being age 45 or older
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Low HDL cholesterol (35 mg/dl; 0.90 mmol/l) and high triglycerides (250 mg/dl; 2.82 mmol/l)
- High blood pressure (consistent reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher)
- History of gestational diabetes or gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- Belonging to one of the following ethnic populations: African Americans African Americans, Native American Indians, Latinos, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders
- Having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Having a history of vascular disease
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) uses screening recommendations for prediabetes that are based on the current guidelines for type 2 diabetes screening. Testing is recommended for men and women 45 years of age and older, especially those with a body mass index at or above 25. Individuals younger than 45 should also be screened if they have a BMI of 25 or more and additional risk factors (as listed above).
Reviewed by Francine Kaufman, M.D., 04/08
Italian Chocolate Roll Chicana Mexicana Red Pepper Hummus Clams and Mussels with Tomato Barbeque Sauce Steak Skewers Pita Chips Greek Salad with Red Wine Vinegar Poached Cod and Asparagus Sweet Cornmeal Cakes Asparagus Vinaigrette
As I mentioned in an earlier post, one of the benefits that made it cost-effective for me to go with the real healthcare (HSA) plan rather than the phony (HRA) plan is that my company is now covering "preventative" medicines at $0 copay. The formulary for these, as stated by CVS/Caremark (my pharmacy benefits provider), covers all test strips, lancets, and control solutions. I dutifully get my doctor to write up prescriptions for all of my testing needs, submit...